Home' Policy Magazine : Policy Vol 29 - No 2 Contents 9
POLICY • Vol. 29 No. 2 • Winter 2013
and technology, we are on the cusp of making
Mann's dream a reality.
Epilogue: Faster, cheaper, better
e ground is shifting radically and competency-
based online education is on the rise. It will not
replace all face-to-face teaching or collaborative
learning, but it will certainly replace low quality
lecturing and provide an efcient way for students
to learn certain skills, including mathematics,
computer programming and aspects of language
acquisition. It will save society money, speed
up learning, and produce levels of performance
that were previously unachievable. Te Internet
bullet train has left the station; TEQSA, the
Commonwealth government, and universities
need to get on board before it runs over them.
1 NASA, Daniel Saul Goldin (1 April 1992 to 17 November
2 Michael Hammer and Lisa Hershman, Faster, Cheaper,
Better: e 9 Levers for Transforming How Work Gets Done
(New York: Crown, 2010).
3 Dan Ward, ‘Faster, Better, Cheaper Revisited,’ Program
Management Lessons from NASA (Defense AT&L,
March–April 2010), 48–52.
4 Campbell Macpherson, ‘Companies must innovate or
perish,’ Management Today (11 February 2013).
5 David Schejbal, ‘In Search of a New Paradigm for Higher
Education,’ Innovative Higher Education 37:5 (2012).
6 Australian Qualifcations Framework, website.
7 John W. Burke, Competency Based Education and Training
(Lewes, United Kingdom: Te Falmer Press, 1989).
8 Martin J. Bradley, Robert H. Seidman, and Steven R.
Painchaud, Saving Higher Education: The Integrated
Competency-Based ree-Year Bachelor's Degree (New York:
9 Richard A. Cooper and Alfred I. Tauber, ‘Values and Ethics:
A Collection of Curricular Reforms for a New Generation
of Physicians,’ Academic Medicine 82 (2007), 321–323.
10 To avoid confict of interest, course grades are best assigned
using standardised examinations.
11 Western Governors University (WGU), website.
12 Some students may procrastinate without the discipline
of assignments with explicit due dates. Experiments are
currently underway assessing how best to include such
hurdles in competency-based courses without slowing down
13 Educause, Case Study 6: Mozilla Open Badges (2012).
14 edX, website.
15 Australian Qualifcations Framework, website.
16 Andrew Norton, Mapping Australian Higher Education
(Melbourne: Grattan Institute, 2012).
17 As above.
18 As above.
19 Australian Census, 2011 QuickStats
20 Stephen Martchett, ‘Gillard to pull to fnance Gonski
reforms,’ e Australian (14 April 2013).
21 Steve Lewis and Jenny Dillon, ‘Uni students rack up massive
debt,’ e Daily Telegraph (London: 17 January 2011).
22 Julie Hare, ‘Reality of reform hits nances,’ e Australian
(13 June 2012).
23 Various contributors, ‘Why Tey Seem to Rise Together:
Federal Aid and College Tuition,’ Minding the Campus
(20 February 2012).
24 Larry Summers, ‘What you (really) need to know,’ e New
York Times (20 January 2012).
25 Clayton M. Christensen and Henry J. Eyring, e Innovative
University: Changing the DNA of Higher Education from the
Inside Out (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2011).
26 National Centre for Academic Transformation, website.
27 Clayton M. Christensen and Henry J. Eyring, e Innovative
University, as above.
28 Michael Barber, Katelyn Donnelly, and Saad Rizvi, An
Avalanche is Coming (London: Institute for Public Policy
Research, 2013); Andrew Delbanco, ‘MOOCS of Hazard:
Will online education dampen the college experience? Yes.
Will it be worth it? Well …,’ New Republic (31 March 2013).
29 Graduate Careers Australia, ‘Graduate Destination Survey
30 Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa, Academically Adrift:
Limited Learning on College Campuses (Chicago: University
of Chicago Press, 2011).
31 Council for Aid to Education, ‘Performance Assessment,’
32 TEQSA (Tertiary Education Quality and Standards
Agency), ‘2012 Provider Information Request Consultation
Paper’ (Commonwealth of Australia, 2012).
33 As above, xxxv.
34 William G. Bowen, e 'Cost Disease' in Higher Education:
Is Technology the Answer? e Tanner Lectures (Stanford
University, October 2012); Australasian Survey of Student
Engagement (AUSSE), website; Te Open University, ‘ e
Open University is the highest rated university in national
student survey' (27 September 2012).
35 William G. Bowen, e 'Cost Disease' in Higher Education,
36 Illinois Online Network, ‘Weaknesses of online learning,’
37 Australasian Survey of Student Engagement (AUSSE),
38 Te Open University, ‘Te Open University is the highest
rated university in national student survey,’ as above.
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