Home' Policy Magazine : Policy Vol 33 - No 3 Contents 51
POLICY • Vol. 33 No. 3 • Spring 2017
What is at issue is the prevailing doctrinal
opposition to integration that pursues a program of
cultural diversity intolerant of any divergent points
of view. Upheld by government and enforced by
law, the doctrines of hard multiculturalism confront
us with something altogether far more serious.
1 Nick Cater, The Lucky Culture and the Rise of an Australian
Ruling Class (Sydney: HarperCollins, 2013), 22–23.
2 Inquiry into Migration and Multiculturalism in Australia
(Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2013), 2.8.
3 See Oliver Hartwich, Selection, Migration and Integration:
Why Multiculturalism Works in Australia (And Fails in
Europe) Policy Monograph 121 (Sydney: The Centre for
Independent Studies, 2011), 2.
4 Andrew Markus, Mapping Social Cohesion: The Scanlon
Foundation Surveys National Report 2012 (Victoria: Monash
University, 2012), 22.
5 Andrew Markus, Mapping Social Cohesion: The Scanlon
Foundation Surveys 2016 (Victoria: Monash University,
6 As above, 50.
7 John Hirst, ‘Australia’s Absurd History’, in John Hirst, Sense
& Nonsense in Australian History (Melbourne: Black Inc.
Agenda, 2005), 22.
8 Tony Abbott, Battlelines (Melbourne: Melbourne University
Press, 2009), 162.
9 Ian McAllister, ‘Public Opinion, Multiculturalism, and
Political Behaviour in Australia’, in Chandran Kukathas
(ed), Multicultural Citizens: The Philosophy and Politics
of Identity (Sydney: The Centre for Independent Studies,
10 Mark Lopez, ‘The Politics of the Origins of Multiculturalism:
Lobbying and the Power of Influence’, delivered at the
10th Biennial Conference of the Australian Population
Association—Population and Globalisation: Australia in the
Century (Melbourne: 2000).
11 As above, 57.
12 Bronwyn Hinz,’Big or Small? Multicultural or Multi-racial?’
in Tim Wilson, Carlo and Paul Collits (eds), Turning Left
or Right: Values in Modern Politics (Ballarat, VIC: Connor
Court, 2013), 44.
13 See Jeremy Sammut,’Hummus, Hamas and the Hopeless
Naive’, Quadrant Online (17 October 2012).
14 Kenan Malik, ‘The Failure of Multiculturalism: Community
Versus Society in Europe’, Foreign Affairs 94:2 (March/April
15 Quoted by Chandran Kukathas, ‘The Idea of an Australian
Identity’, in Kukathas, Multicultural Citizens, 152.
16 See, for example, Community Relations Commission for
a Multicultural NSW, ‘Son of Refugees Wins Premier’s
Literary Award’ (Sydney: Government of NSW, 19 May
17 Multicultural Australia: United, Strong, Successful (Canberra:
Australian Government, 2017), 9, https://www.dss.gov.
policy_2017.pdf. See also, Latika Bourke, ‘Signing up
to the “fair go” will keep Australia safe, government tells
migrants’, Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 2017), and
Peter Kurti, ‘Making the right call on multiculturalism’,
The Daily Telegraph (22 March 2017).
18 Section 18C Racial Discrimination Act 1975 states: ‘(1) It is
unlawful for a person to do an act, otherwise than in private,
if: (a) the act is reasonably likely, in all the circumstances, to
offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate another person or a
group of people; and (b) the act is done because of the race,
colour or national or ethnic origin of the other person or
of some or all of the people in the group.’
19 Jeremy Sammut, ’As Australian as the Fair Go’, Policy
31:1 (Autumn 2015), 21. See also Jeremy Sammut, ‘The
Long Demise of the White Australia Policy’, Quadrant
20 Sammut, ‘As Australian as the Fair Go’, 21.
21 As above, 22.
22 In 2011, the OECD compiled the Better Life Index to rate
its 34 country members in 11 categories. The categories
were given equal weight, and Australia was ranked first in
the cumulative score at 7.4 ahead of Sweden (7.3) and the
United States (7.1). The most recent World Values Survey
of 57 countries conducted between 2005 and 2008 ranked
Australia second in terms of pride in nationality (69.3%),
behind Canada (69.9%) and substantially ahead of the
United Kingdom (54%) and Germany (21.8%). When
the 2003 International Social Survey program tested for
attitudes in 17 countries to levels of immigration, Australia
and Canada ranked highest with over 60% of respondents
supporting the existing immigration intake or its increase.
The lowest levels of support were recorded in the United
Kingdom (22%) and Russia (18%).
23 Markus, Mapping Social Cohesion (see note 5), 14.
24 Scott Morrison, ‘Australia: The Land of Our Adoption’,
speech given to the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies
(Kings College, London: 23 January 2013).
25 Inquiry into Migration and Multiculturalism in Australia
(Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2013), 2.36.
Individuals are required to make the Australian Citizenship
Pledge at a citizenship ceremony thereby making a public
commitment to Australia and accepting the responsibilities
and privileges of citizenship. There are currently two forms
of the pledge, one using the phrase ‘under God’, the other
omitting it: From this time forward, under God, I pledge my
loyalty to Australia and its people, whose democratic beliefs I
share, whose rights and liberties I respect, and whose laws I
will uphold and obey.
26 As above, 2.51.
27 Kenneth Minogue, ‘Multiculturalism: A Dictatorship of
Virtue’, in Patrick West, The Poverty of Multiculturalism,
as above, vii.
28 Alexander Downer, ‘Big or Small? Multicultural or Multi-
Racial?’ in Tim Wilson, Carlo Carli, and Paul Collits,
Turning Left or Right: Values in Modern Politics (Ballarat:
Connor Court, 2013), 57.
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